Categorized | Art & Culture

Saman Dance officially recognized by UNESCO

Saman Dance from Gayo Lues and surrounding areas in Aceh Province was officially recognized and included in the list of intangible cultural heritage that needs urgent protection of UNESCO, said the official Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy.

Head of Information and Public Communication Kemparekraf I Gusti Ngurah son during a press conference here on Thursday, said UNESCO’s recognition of cultural arts Saman were carried out and characterized by hammer knocking-sixth Session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of UNESCO intangible cultural heritage.

“Through the trial, the art culture of Gayo Lues Saman and surrounding areas in Aceh province formally entered into the list of intangible cultural heritage Requiring Urgent Protection of UNESCO,” he said.

Attended the annual grand session of more than 500 delegates from 69 countries, international NGOs, cultural experts and the media took place at the Bali International Convention Centre from 22 to 29 November 2011.

Indonesia is trusted by 137 countries in 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Protection intangible cultural heritage to be the host and lead such a prestigious meeting.

Previously, files nomination Saman carefully prepared and submitted to UNESCO in March 2010 by the Coordinating Minister for People’s Welfare, with full support from the Central Government, Provincial Government of Aceh, Gayo Lues Regent, Ibn Hashim, and society.

Welfare warned Saman conservation efforts do not end with acceptance of the charter signed by the Director-General of UNESCO, but this is the beginning of the implementation of the Action Plan to protect and develop cultural heritage Saman by all stakeholders.

As per 2003 UNESCO Convention, Article 2, Paragraph 1 states that intangible cultural heritage includes all the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills and tools, objects (natural), artefacts and cultural spaces associated with it that is recognized by a variety of community, groups, and in certain individuals as part of their cultural heritage.

Intangible cultural heritage known to be more familiar as the “living heritage”. Parallels are natural sites and cultural sites, known as heritage objects.

Organization of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has adopted the Convention on the Protection intangible cultural heritage at the 32nd Session of its General Conference in Paris, on October 17, 2003.

Convention in 2003 started its operation since April 2006 which aims to increase visibility or public awareness, encourage respect for and protection diverse intangible cultural heritage or culture of life through cooperation between governments and communities at national, sub-regional, regional and international levels. To date, the Convention has been ratified by 137 states parties.

Indonesia became the 83rd State Party Convention in 2003 on January 15, 2008, through No. Presidential Regulation 78 July 2007.

Since then, Indonesia participated actively even made a member of the Intergovernmental Committee of 24 member countries, with a term of four years, the General Assembly of States Parties in Paris, June 2010.

Bali will go down in history as host of the latest in a series of ordinary and extraordinary session of the Intergovernmental Committee of the Convention of 2003, starting from Algiers (2006), Chengdu (2007), Tokyo (2007), Sofia (2008), UNESCO, Paris (2008) , Istanbul (2008), Abu Dhabi (2009) and Nairobi (2010).

This year’s meeting will take place with full sessions for 7 days, and is the longest in the history of the Convention, with 27 eyes of the agenda to be debated and decided.

Gayo original

While Saman dance itself is a cultural heritage of indigenous Gayo tribe since the 13th century, in Gayo Lues and surrounding areas in the province of Aceh which was then developed by Sheikh Saman for the delivery of religious messages.

Saman players are male, generally young, and the numbers are always odd to sit cross-legged or kneel in a line meeting.

Players wearing traditional dress embroidered with Gayo traditional motifs which the full symbolism of nature and noble values.

Coach in the middle of leading players sing the verses contains a message of development, religious, advice, custom, satire, humor, and even romantic.

Players clap their hands, chest, thighs and ground / floor, snapped fingers, wiggle the left-right body, front and back, shaking and rotating the head on the bottom left and right, move the hand, bowed in sync according to the rhythm, sometimes slow, sometimes fast and energetic, sometimes simultaneously, sometimes alternating intervals between players with the position of odd and even positions in a row. Saman describes the motion of nature, environment, and daily life of a Gayo society.

Saman contested when one village invites another village in order to establish friendship ties between villages.

Saman used to entertain guests and to enliven the national and religious holidays. Saman also children’s games of Gayo tribe in the village. Saman is generally transmitted informally to a small child in the village.

Saman staging frequency and transmission to future generations to decline at this time, although the people and the Government has tried to preserve it, so that conservation efforts are needed urgently.

Taken from Kompas OASE.

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Arroisi - who has posted 54 posts on Good News From Indonesia.

Lives in Cairo, Egypt.

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